According to the American Psychological Association, parenting practices around the world share three major goals: ensuring children’s health and safety, preparing children forever as productive adults, and transmitting cultural values. Needless to mention, these objectives are ambitious. Being a successful parent is not any small feat and whether children become competent, healthy, productive adults depend on a range of environmental and biological factors. The influences on child outcomes are numerous, but a wealth of literature indicates parenting practices are a vital part of the equation. The extent to which parenting practices shape behavioral development in children may be a complex question and, though we might not be ready to answer it with certainty, we will make sure that folks are important factors in their children’s behavioral outcomes.
As an example, a mother’s parenting behaviors, including the extent to which she displays affection toward and exerts behavioral and psychological control over her child when that child is five years old are linked to later child internalizing and externalizing behaviors. These are just some common behavioral problems that are, in part, shaped by particular sorts of parenting.
The try to study of the influence of parenting practices on child outcomes is complex because there exists an overwhelmingly big selection of parenting behaviors and an equally big selection of kid behavioral outcomes. The causal relation between parenting practices and child behavior outcomes is similarly opaque counting on the timing and measurement of the behaviors in question. as an example, in a very study of adolescents’ perception of their parents’ psychological control, or the extent to which oldsters attempt to control their children’s emotions and beliefs, and adolescents’ self-reported internalizing and aggressive behaviors, researchers found child behavior as a stronger predictor of changes in parental psychological control than parental behavior as a predictor of changes in adolescent behavior.
The standard way of addressing these complexities is to arrange parenting behaviors into four distinct parenting styles: authoritarian, permissive, uninvolved, and authoritative. These four parenting styles are supported by two parental dimensions: parental warmth, which is expounded to parental affection toward and acceptance of the kid, and parental control, which is said to be the active role parents play in promoting respect for rules and social conventions. There has been extensive research on the implications parenting styles wear behavioral outcomes in children.